Sumpah Hippocrates

Setiap calon dokter harus disumpah sebelum diterima menjadi dokter.  Sumpah Hippocrates.  Saya sangat terkesan dengan isi sumpah ini.  Bunyi aslinya menurut wikipedia kira-kira begini.

I swear by Apollo Physician and Asclepios and Hygeia and Panacea and all the gods and goddesses, making them my witnesses, that I will fulfill according to my ability and judgment this oath and this covenant:

To hold him who has taught me this art as equal to my parents and to live my life in partnership with him, and if he is in need of money to give him a share of mine, and to regard his offspring as equal to my brothers in male lineage and to teach them this art – if they desire to learn it – without fee and covenant; to give a share of precepts and oral instruction and all the other learning to my sons and to the sons of him who has instructed me and to pupils who have signed the covenant and have taken an oath according to the medical law, but no one else.

I will apply dietetic measures for the benefit of the sick according to my ability and judgment; I will keep them from harm and injustice.

I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect. Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I will guard my life and my art.

I will not use the knife, not even on sufferers from stone, but will withdraw in favor of such men as are engaged in this work.

Whatever houses I may visit, I will come for the benefit of the sick, remaining free of all intentional injustice, of all mischief and in particular of sexual relations with both female and male persons, be they free or slaves.

What I may see or hear in the course of the treatment or even outside of the treatment in regard to the life of men, which on no account one must spread abroad, I will keep to myself, holding such things shameful to be spoken about.

If I fulfill this oath and do not violate it, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and art, being honored with fame among all men for all time to come; if I transgress it and swear falsely, may the opposite of all this be my lot.

Menurut sejarah, sumpah ini dibuat oleh Hippocrates, bapak pengobatan Yunani.  Ia menuntut siapapun yang belajar darinya, menjadi murid di sekolah kedokterannya, harus mengucapkan sumpah ini.

Saya pikir, sumpah inilah yang membuat dokter adalah profesi yang sangat terhormat.  Membuatnya bisa dipercaya dan diterima masyarakat.

Seharusnya semua profesi yang diterima masyarakat memiliki sumpah seperti ini.  Akar kata dari professional adalah to profess: mendeklarasi sumpah di depan publik.  Jadi seseorang disebut profesional bila ia mendeklarasikan hidupnya diabdikan di bidang pekerjaan itu, lengkap dengan sumpahnya.

Satu lagi.  Hippocrates itu hidup sekitar 400 tahun sebelum Masehi.  Saya merasa kagum luar biasa bahwa di jaman itu ada guru yang memaksa muridnya untuk bersumpah seperti ini.  Bahwa Hippocrates begitu menghormati pasien, dan bersumpah untuk menolong mereka dengan penuh dedikasi dan hormat.  Ia menuliskan tekad itu secara tertulis, dan mewajibkan semua yang ingin menjadi dokter untuk bersumpah seperti itu.

Saya yakin, ilmu kedokteran Hippocrates sangat tinggi.  Tapi bukan itu yang membuatnya sebagai bapak kedokteran, pendiri profesi ini.  Sumpah Hippocarates lah alasan utamanya.

Saya pikir kita semua harus mengucapkan sumpah yang serupa terkait profesi kita.  Mungkin tidak perlu gembar-gembor di depan publik.  Bisa saja dalam hati.  But we really mean it.

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